The four most popular problems hinder the comprehe

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Four major problems hinder the comprehensive development of the packaging and printing industry after more than 20 years of development, the progress of the packaging and printing industry has attracted the attention of the world, but the problems also exist objectively and can not be ignored, mainly in four aspects

1: the development is unbalanced, and the gap between the East and the west is obvious.

due to the unbalanced economic development in China, the distribution and development of China's packaging and printing industry are uneven. The packaging and printing industry is mainly concentrated in the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta and other coastal areas, while the northwest region is relatively backward. The total output value of packaging and printing in Guangdong, Fujian, Zhejiang, Shanghai and Jiangsu provinces and cities is about 33billion yuan, accounting for about 52% of China's packaging and printing industry. The northwest region includes Shaanxi, Gansu, Ningxia, Qinghai, Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, Sichuan, Chongqing, Tibet, Guangxi, Yunnan The total output value of packaging and printing in 12 provinces and cities including Guizhou is about 7.2 billion yuan, accounting for about 11% of the total packaging and printing in China. The output value of packaging and printing in the five provinces and cities in the southeast is about 5 times that of the 12 provinces, cities and autonomous regions in the West

the gap between the 12 provinces, cities and autonomous regions in the west is also very obvious. According to the survey data of relevant government departments in recent years, the output value of packaging and printing in Yunnan Province is 2.74 billion yuan, that in Shaanxi Province is 1.55 billion yuan, and that in Sichuan Province is 1.06 billion yuan. Assuming that it is not cleaned in time, it is only 10million yuan in Ningxia, 20million yuan in Xinjiang, and 26million yuan in Tibet. The difference between them is dozens or even hundreds of times. The gap between the East and the west is not only reflected in output value, but also in technology, equipment, talents, management, quality, business philosophy and many other aspects

it is understood that due to the existence of these gaps, most of the packaging and printing of products such as drugs and food in the western region with rich resources are processed in other places, especially in the more developed coastal areas. The cost of long-distance transportation is very high, and the transportation cost will eventually be passed on to consumers. The unbalanced development is also reflected in the printing methods in a region. For example, Yunnan Province has a very strong capacity of paper gravure printing, especially cigarette packaging printing. There are about 50 paper gravure printing production lines, and the production capacity is more than 1 senior executive of a supplier who does not want to be named. The production capacity of plastic gravure printing, offset printing and flexo printing is insufficient, and these businesses can only be lost to other regions

II: insufficient innovation ability of enterprises

technological innovation and the application of new technologies to avoid collision have been done very well in the United States, Germany and other European and American developed countries. In this regard, they continue to introduce new intellectual property rights, new technologies and new products. However, the innovation consciousness of Chinese enterprises is relatively weak. In the industry quality evaluation activities carried out in East China for 21 consecutive years, in order to guide the innovation of enterprises, three awards, including "Design Creativity Award", "new process (New Technology) Innovation Award" and "new material development award", were specially added in the previous year to enhance the innovation awareness of enterprises and increase the innovation intensity of enterprises. However, it is a great pity that from the recent two East China quality evaluations and the first national quality evaluation this year, few products and enterprises have won the three innovation awards, less than 1%. One or two awards are vacant in the three awards every year. Even for the products that have won the three awards, few really have independent intellectual property rights. This is one of the main gaps between China's packaging and printing industry and the international advanced level, and it is also our fatal weakness

III: unreasonable talent structure and professional structure

China's packaging and printing industry is born out of the production mode of small workshops. Therefore, the proportion of employees with higher education and technical titles above the intermediate level is much lower than that in the machinery, chemical industry, electronics, automobile and other industries. It is understood that some well-known large enterprises in the industry have unreasonable talent structure and professional structure, and the proportion of engineers and senior workers is very low, Less than 4%. Senior engineers, technicians and senior technicians are even rarer. At the same time, a large number of front-line production and technical workers do not get the professional training they deserve. Many enterprises, especially small and medium-sized private enterprises, are unwilling to invest in talent training for fear that employees will change jobs after training, and the investment will not return. Therefore, the employment method of using only, without training, and using all the resources to fish is adopted. This has greatly restricted the improvement of the overall quality of employees in the industry, forming a situation of lack of professionals

at present, although there are packaging engineering colleges and printing colleges in China, which train a group of professional and technical personnel to enter this industry every year, the rationality, practicality and professionalism of packaging engineering and printing colleges need to be gradually improved because the time for setting up professional courses in them is not very long

IV: insufficient production capacity of refined products and excess production capacity of general products

according to the national standards for the quality of packaging and printing products, packaging and printing products can be divided into refined products and general products. At present, the proportion of packaging and printing products that can be produced according to the standard of refined products is not high, which is estimated to account for only about 40%, which is mainly affected and restricted by many factors, such as mechanical equipment, technical quality of employees, management level, etc

since the reform and opening up, people's living standards have been greatly improved. The commodities are becoming more and more abundant, and the competition among commodities is becoming more and more fierce. The situation that one brand product dominated the market and remained prosperous in the past is gone forever. The demand for packaging and printing that reflect the quality and value of commodities is becoming higher and higher due to commodity competition, which is in contrast to the lack of production capacity of refined packaging and printing products in China. According to the information provided by Yunnan, Jiangxi and other relevant parties, these provinces have rich resources of local products, but lack of matching refined packaging and printing products, resulting in a considerable outflow of packaging and printing business every year, which hinders the cultivation of the production capacity of refined products and the improvement of printing level in this region, thus intensifying the contradiction between the production capacity of refined products and the demand for commodity packaging in this region

at present, a large number of enterprises in the industry, especially private enterprises with low technology and equipment, can only produce general products, resulting in more fierce competition for low-end products, and competing for limited business resources through mutual price reduction, resulting in the continuous decline of the profitability of the whole industry, and the lower ability of technological transformation and equipment renewal. Such a vicious cycle will continue for a long time, A number of manufacturers of low-end products will be eliminated, and the establishment of macro-control and market regulation mechanisms will be eliminated, which will also drag down a number of better developed enterprises

source: I love printing

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