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With the help of policy and market, how can the manufacturing industry grasp the opportunity of industrial interconnection

in 2019, with the implementation of national and local industrial interconnection policies and the organization and implementation of industrial interconnection innovation and development project, the construction and promotion of China's industrial interconnection platform entered a new stage from experimental verification to large-scale application, from vertical deep cultivation to horizontal expansion, from local cloud to all-round cloud, from single point breakthrough in the industrial chain to accelerated improvement of the industrial chain map. The industrial interconnection platform is the hub of all elements of industry and the core of industrial resource allocation. It is of great significance for revitalizing China's real economy and promoting the manufacturing industry to move towards the medium and high end

from the perspective of technical structure, the application scenario of industrial interconnection

from the perspective of the development background of industrial interconnection, industrial interconnection platform is the extension of industrial cloud platform. Its essence is to superimpose emerging technologies such as IOT, big data and artificial intelligence on the basis of traditional cloud platform, build a more accurate, real-time and efficient data acquisition system, build an enabling platform including storage, integration, access, analysis and management functions, and realize industrial technology Experience, knowledge modeling, software, reuse, in the form of industrial apps for all kinds of manufacturing enterprises, but among them, enterprises should pay attention to: 1. The growth rate of automobile production and sales with the largest weight in the total industrial volume is rising; 2. The cumulative order volume of key linked enterprises in the machinery industry has warmed up, and innovative applications have emerged, eventually forming a manufacturing ecosystem of resource enrichment, multi-party participation, win-win cooperation and collaborative evolution. It mainly involves seven categories of key technologies, including data integration and edge processing technology, infrastructure as a service (IAAs) technology, platform enabling technology, data management technology, application development and microservice technology, industrial data modeling and analysis technology, and security technology. From the integration of seven key technologies, we can see that the focus of industrial interconnection is network + data + security. Network is the foundation, data is the core, and security is the guarantee

the industrial interconnection platform is currently generally applied to four scenarios. First, production process optimization for industrial sites; Second, management decision optimization for enterprise operation; Third, the optimal allocation and coordination of resources for socialized production; Fourth, management and service optimization for the whole life cycle of products

at present, the platform application is still in its infancy, mainly focusing on the simple scenario optimization application of device IOT + analysis or business system interconnection + analysis. In the future, the platform application will evolve to a deeper level, and will realize complex analysis and Optimization Based on the comprehensive connection between IOT and Internet, so as to continuously promote the innovation of enterprise management process, organization mode and business mode

Industrial interconnection, the commanding height of a new round of global industrial competition

manufacturing is the cornerstone of long-term sustainable economic development

in China's GDP, the proportion of service industry has ranked first. Throughout the development history of major economies, no major economy can become a developed country by relying on the service industry, mainly because capital is accumulated by investment, and production can only be achieved with capital. Service industry depends on the material base, which is provided by manufacturing and agriculture. Since the reform and opening up, manufacturing has been a strong driving force for China's economic development. In terms of scale, China's manufacturing industry ranks first in the world. In the next few years, the sustainable development of manufacturing industry will still be the main driving force of China's economic development, and it is a critical period from a large manufacturing country to a powerful manufacturing country

crack the Achilles heel of manufacturing

Achilles heel, that is, the fatal weakness. At present, China's manufacturing industry is facing four problems: overcapacity in traditional manufacturing industry, rising production costs of enterprises (manpower, environment, land and financing, etc.), insufficient R & D investment of enterprises, and urgent upgrading of technology and products

for example, the average wage of manufacturing employees continued to rise from 16445 yuan in 2008 to 44991 yuan in 2017, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 10.6%, much higher than the growth rate of gross domestic product (GDP). In terms of details, the average wage of employees in private units in the manufacturing industry is lower than that of employees in the manufacturing industry

the increase of sales profit margin in manufacturing industry is far less than that of manufacturing cost. According to the data of the Bureau of statistics, the sales profit margin of the manufacturing industry slowly increased from 4.5% in 2014 to 5.9% in 2018. In the middle, the sales profit margin of the manufacturing industry also fell in February 2015, and then gradually resumed its upward trend stimulated by the supply side reform

from the comparison of hourly wages in various countries, the average wage of China's manufacturing industry has exceeded the level of Brazil, Mexico and other countries, and is rapidly catching up with Greece and Portugal. Previously, China's wage level has experienced a rapid rise for 10 years, which has tripled

China's aging population and the expected reduction in the working age population may bring higher wage pressure in the next few years. This shows that the comparative advantage of China's labor force is gradually losing

the Achilles heel of solving manufacturing lies in the deep integration of manufacturing and information and communication technology. From the perspective of policy, we can find that the government has a clear idea for the manufacturing industry, clearing out backward production capacity, and the manufacturing industry embraces information and communication technology to upgrade the industrial structure

first of all, from 2015, the supply side structural reform focusing on capacity reduction, inventory reduction, deleveraging, cost reduction and short board reinforcement officially kicked off after the central economic work conference set the tone. Over the past three years, the supply side reform has achieved significant results, and the backward production capacity has been effectively cleared

secondly, with the introduction of relevant supporting policies for the transformation and upgrading of made in China, we should adhere to the basic principles of innovation driven, quality first, green development, structural optimization and talent oriented, adhere to the basic principles of market leadership, government guidance, based on the current, long-term, overall promotion, key breakthroughs, independent development and open cooperation, and achieve the strategic goal of becoming a manufacturing power through three steps

finally, on October 30, 2017, the executive meeting of the State Council deliberated and adopted the guiding opinions on deepening interconnection + advanced manufacturing and developing industrial interconnection to promote the revitalization of the real economy and accelerate the transformation and upgrading. The Ministry of industry and information technology actively promoted the industrial interconnection platform, and issued documents such as the action plan for the development of industrial interconnection and the 2018 work plan of the industrial interconnection special working group in June 2018. In addition, on June 12, 2018, the information administration bureau of the Ministry of industry and information technology announced the list of projects to be supported by the 2018 industrial interconnection innovation and development project

the manufacturing industry needs to be deeply integrated with industrial interconnection

major developed countries in the world have taken a series of major measures to promote the transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry. Germany relies on a strong automation foundation to promote industry 4.0; While implementing the advanced manufacturing strategy, the United States vigorously develops industrial interconnection; France, Japan, South Korea, Sweden and other countries have also launched manufacturing revitalization plans

The report of the 19th CPC National Congress pointed out that we should accelerate the construction of a manufacturing power, accelerate the development of advanced manufacturing industry, and promote the deep integration of Internet, big data, artificial intelligence and the real economy. The transformation and upgrading of China's manufacturing industry is from factor driven to innovation driven, which is bound to change from extensive scale manufacturing to fine efficiency improvement and intelligent production. Industrial interconnection just meets the requirements of this transformation

industrial interconnection builds the infrastructure of machines, materials, people and information systems, forms intelligent development, scientific decision-making and intelligent control, and greatly improves the efficiency of manufacturing resource allocation. As mentioned in the white paper on industrial interconnection, the industrial interconnection platform is the hub of all elements of industry and the core of industrial resource allocation. It is of great significance for revitalizing China's real economy and promoting the manufacturing industry to move towards the medium and high end. It can be said that industrial interconnection is the commanding height of a new round of global industrial competition

2018 is the first year for the full implementation of industrial interconnection, and the market space is broad. Miao Wei, Minister of the Ministry of industry and information technology, said that the Ministry of industry and information technology has launched the 323 action for the development of industrial interconnection, that is, to create three systems of network, platform and security, promote the integrated innovation of large enterprises and the popularization of applications in small and medium-sized enterprises, and build three major supports of industry, ecology and internationalization

in 2017, the scale of China's industrial interconnection market was about 470billion yuan. It is estimated that the average annual growth rate of the market scale of industrial interconnection from 2018 to 2020 is about 18%

the policy began to be implemented gradually, and the market space is expected to accelerate.

since May 2015, the State Council, the national development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of industry and information technology and other departments have issued policies on manufacturing and industrial interconnection. Especially in February, 2018, after the review of the national manufacturing power construction leading group meeting, it was decided to set up a special working group on industrial interconnection under the national manufacturing power construction leading group, headed by Miao Wei, Minister of industry and information technology. The establishment of the special working group on industrial interconnection will strongly promote the implementation of the upgrading of China's manufacturing industry. A series of policies and plans show that industrial interconnection plays an important role in manufacturing in China. On June 12, 2018, the information administration bureau of the Ministry of industry and information technology announced the list of projects to be supported by the 2018 industrial interconnection innovation and development project, of which 8 units were shortlisted for the cross industry and cross domain industrial interconnection platform test project, and a number of listed companies were shortlisted for other specific projects. It shows the urgency of the development of industrial interconnection and the high executive power of the management department, and industrial interconnection is expected to accelerate its development. This also marks that industrial interconnection has entered a new stage, from paper opinions and policies to specific measures

overseas experience: the timing and way of layout of overseas giants

General Electric: focus on building a new industrial interconnection platform

Ge is a diversified technology, media and financial services company. GE's products and services range from aircraft engines, power generation equipment, water treatment and safety technology to medical imaging, commercial and consumer finance, media content and industrial products. The company is involved in six business areas: infrastructure, business finance, consumer finance, medical treatment, media entertainment and industry

Brokeback finance focuses on building a new industrial Internet platform. In, the profits generated by the financial sector accounted for more than 40% of GE's total profits. In 2004, the financial business even contributed as much as 42% of GE's profits. From 2008 to 2014, the closing net investment of GE Capital decreased from $538billion to $363billion. According to the plan, in 2018, 90% of GE90's profits will come from high return industrial businesses, while in 2014, the proportion was only 58%

GE's industrial interconnection idea. Ge believes that industrial interconnection is the combination of advanced technologies, products and platforms in the two revolutions, that is, machines and facilities in the industrial revolution and computing, information and communication in the interconnection revolution; In the second wave of Internet revolution in the past 200 years, computing power and distributed information network have played a leading role; In the third wave of industrial interconnection revolution, the intelligence embodied in machine-based analysis method plays a leading role, which is characterized by three digital elements: intelligent equipment, intelligent system and intelligent decision-making

predix: the basic system platform launched by GE for the entire industrial field is the world's first operating system specially developed for industrial data analysis. It can not only monitor all kinds of machinery and equipment including aircraft engines, turbines and nuclear magnetic resonance instruments in real time, synchronously capture the massive data generated at high speed during their operation, but also analyze and manage these data,

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